In the last lesson, students looked at how the Nazis used laws to accomplish this goal. In this lesson, they will look at the way the Nazis used propaganda—through radio, the press, feature films and newsreels, theater, music, art exhibits, books, the school curriculum, sports, and more—to influence the beliefs, feelings, and actions of individuals to help further this goal. Begin by having students reflect on the power of media to persuade. Ask them to respond to the following question in their journals:
In addition, usually a combination of motivations and pressures were in play. For the Holocaust as other periods of history, most scholars are wary of monocausal explanations. Antisemitism and Support for Nazism Cultural explanations focus on values, beliefs, and prejudices, particularly antisemitism of various forms, including Nazi antisemitism.
Within Nazi Germany, everyone did not support Nazism or the Nazi regime to the same degree and to the extent suggested by iconic photographs and film footage of Nazi-staged spectacles. Enough enthusiasts could always be found to stage enormous public shows of support such as the annual Nazi Party rallies.
On a day to day basis, the Nazi regime only needed most people to obey the law, try to stay out of trouble, and promote their own interests as best they could under the current circumstances.
Nazi propaganda and changing norms and laws did erode older, pre-Nazi ties to Christian teachings or leftist, anti-Nazi political beliefsespecially in the absence of the public expression of opposing views under the Nazi dictatorship.
Still, those who espoused extreme antisemitic views remained a minority. Thus the limited support of ordinary Germans for the national boycott of Jewish businesses of April 1,for example, and the shocked response of many Germans to the unprecedented violence and destruction of the Kristallnacht pogroms of November 9—10, In German-occupied countries, the need to prove loyalty to new German masters, particularly if one had previously cooperated with Soviet occupiers, provided many individuals with powerful motivation to collaborate.
Toward the end of the war, as German defeat seemed imminent, opportunism and the drive for self-preservation again rose to the fore: Generally, the course of the war proved critical in shaping the choices of individuals at all levels of German and European societies: Social-Psychological Explanations Let us look more fully at some of these explanations already alluded to earlier in the discussion.
Certainly fear for the consequences—if not physical harm than sanctions of some other kind—rose to the fore in various situations and at certain times—say, in the early months of Nazi rule characterized by terror to eliminate political opposition and during the war and occupation, especially in eastern Europe directly ruled by the Germans.
Focusing too much on fear, however, obscures and oversimplifies the more complicated dynamic behind the choices ordinary people made with regard to the persecution, then killing of Jews. Overemphasizing fear belies the range of complicit behaviors discussed above.
Doing so also ignores the political reality that even within Nazi Germany, leaders were sensitive to public opinion. This was true of ordinary people who may have had little or only superficial relations with individual Jews and of the traditional elites with more influence—Church, university, military, and business leaders.
From the beginning of Nazi rule and the fateful years leading up to them, these leaders failed to speak out against hateful speech, violence, and afterlegal measures that progressively stripped German Jews of their rights.
For example, mindful of popular opinion, German authorities did not harm or punish the non-Jewish wives of Jewish men when the women publicly protested the pending deportation of their loved ones in Berlin on February 27, That protests in these two cases aimed at specific actions or policies and not the regime itself was significant.
Sophie Scholl, Hans Scholl, Christian Probst, and other members of the resistance group were tried and executed as traitors to the Fatherland. In his book Ordinary Men, Christopher Browning analyzes the factors that turned most men of one police battalion into first-time, then hardened killers.
A similar dynamic may have been at play for the less studied eastern European collaborators who participated in the German-led shootings; only a few opted out of the face-to-face killing of men, women, and children to serve as guards or in other capacities.
Gain came in many forms and dimensions. The systematic plunder of Jewish assets in Germany and German-occupied Europe by agents of the Nazi regime has been well documented. It included businesses bought at less than fair market or reduced competition because of the liquidation of Jewish-owned businesses.
In Nazi Germany the property taken from the Jews following their deportation was distributed through public auctions, the proceeds of which accrued to state finance offices.For the majority of Germans, the benefits of Nazi rule made the willing to accept some central control in the interest of making Germany great again.
Ben Walsh (historian) Witness testimonies. The domestic policy of the Nazi party was closely related to its foreign policy, which provided successes that are even more important in understanding why the majority of Germans conformed to Nazi rule.
The majority of Germany believed that the Treaty of Versailles was a great injustice, and many, including Hitler, believed Germany had only lost because the army had been 'stabbed in the back' by the Jews .
"Today Hitler Is All of Germany." The newspaper headline on Aug.
4, reflected the vital shift in power that had just taken place. Two days earlier, on the death of Reich President Paul von. Why did the majority of Germans conform to Nazi rule. Even when the atrocities of the Nazis became somewhat known Germans continued to conform to Nazi rule, primarily as a result of the anti-Semitism and bigotry prevalent in German society, effectively fostered by the Nazis.
Essay on Why the Germans Supported the Nazi WHYWHY DID THE. Why did the majority of Germans conform to Nazi rule.
Essay The majority of German citizens conformed to Nazi rule because of the dual positive and negative pressures exerted by the regime. Why did the Germans support the Nazi Party and its persecution of the Jews? A ccording to the historian Saul Friedländer, the majority of the German population believed that the Nazi regime would lead Germany out of years of political turmoil.