Peasants were mostly farmers. In spring, they tilled and planted.
The History Learning Site, 5 Mar The lifestyle of a medieval peasant in Medieval England was extremely hard and harsh. Many worked as farmers in fields owned by the lords and their lives were controlled by the farming year.
Certain jobs had to be done at certain times of the year. Their lives were harsh but there were few rebellions due to a harsh system of law and order. Ploughing — a vital farm job The peasants were at the bottom of the Feudal System and had to obey their local lord to whom they had sworn an oath of obedience on the Bible.
The position of the peasant was made clear by Jean Froissart when he wrote: This means that they are bound by law and custom to plough the field of their masters, harvest the corn, gather it into barns, and thresh and winnow the grain; they must also mow and carry home the hay, cut and collect wood, and perform all manner of tasks of this kind.
He had to pay rent for his land to his lord; he had to pay a tax to the church called a tithe. This was a tax on all of the farm produce he had produced in that year. A peasant could pay in cash or in kind — seeds, equipment etc.
Either way, tithes were a deeply unpopular tax. The church collected so much produce from this tax, that it had to be stored in huge tithe barns. Some of these barns can still be seen today.
There is a very large one in Maidstone, Kent, which now has a collection of carriages in it. Peasants also had to work for free on church land.
This was highly inconvenient as this time could have been used by the peasant to work on their own land. However, the power of the church was such that no-one dared break this rule as they had been taught from a very early age that God would see their sins and punish them.
After you had paid your taxes, you could keep what was left — which would not be a great deal. If you had to give away seeds for the next growing season, this could be especially hard as you might end up with not having enough to grow let alone to feed yourself.
Peasant housing Peasants lived in cruck houses. These had a wooden frame onto which was plastered wattle and daub.
This was a mixture of mud, straw and manure. The straw added insulation to the wall while the manure was considered good for binding the whole mixture together and giving it strength.
The mixture was left to dry in the sun and formed what was a strong building material.
What a cruck house may have looked like — minus the wattle and daub Cruck houses were not big but repairs were quite cheap and easy to do. The roofs were thatched. There would be little furniture within the cruck houses and straw would be used for lining the floor.
The houses are likely to have been very hot in the summer and very cold in the winter. Windows were just holes in the walls as glass was very expensive. Doors might be covered with a curtain rather than having a door as good wood could be expensive At night, any animal you owned would be brought inside for safety.
There were a number of reasons for this. First, wild animals roamed the countryside.Modern media loves to draw inspiration from life in the Middle Ages, but there is a reason these depictions are called medieval fantasy.
In an effort to dismiss some of the more prevalent myths of the era let’s take a look at what medieval life was really like for the common European peasant.
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Citation: C N Trueman "The Lifestyle of Medieval Peasants" Peasant children could only look forward to a life of great hardship. For all peasants, life was “nasty, brutish and short.”. Start studying Chapter Quizzes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Search. In the early s what percentage of Europe's population consisted of peasants? about 75%. European peasant life encompassed all of the following new hardships in the 14thth centuries.. - Dramatic population. “The life of a medieval peasant was just hardship and misery” Does the evidence show this is true?
Is a Medieval Peasants life really all bad, or were there good times to? The Medieval Church played a far greater role in Medieval England than the Church does today. In Medieval England, the Church dominated everybody’s life.
All Medieval people – be they village peasants or towns people – believed that God, Heaven and Hell all existed. Peasants received low income for a life time of labor. On the other hand, peasants were typically given several acres of land from the lords for personal use.
On the other hand, peasants were typically given several acres of land from the lords for personal use.