It is important to distinguish between them because of the purpose of diagnosing patients and dictating the treatment of disorder.
Who is to say, what is normal and what is not normal? Now, take it a step further. Who determines abnormal behavior verses normal behavior? Who differentiate between the two?
Is it us, the people, who claim to be normalyour parents, your peers, your environment, or is it society?
Often times we are quick to pass judgment on individuals who are acting in a manner that is unacceptable, but unacceptable to, whom? We all have been taught the difference between right and wrong, but is that difference so great that it flirts along the lines of what is normal, and what is not normal?
Is it normal for a two-year-old child to talk back to his or her parents? Is it normal for a people to speak to one another when they have made eye contact? Is it normal for men to watch football on Sundays, and for women to watch daytime drama shows during the week?
Before we can answer any of these questions we need to know what is behavior, and then differentiate between what is normal, and what is abnormal behavior?
Behavior is the manner in which a person behaves, whether they can conform to the standards, or whether they cannot conform to the standards.
And once again I pose the question who sets the standards? We as a people have already laid out a path of what we think is acceptable and what is not acceptable, the same way that we as a society have deemed what is normal and what is abnormal behavior.
When we ask a society how they define abnormal behavior, we are asking first, where does that society draw the line between acceptable and unacceptable behavior and, secondly, which unacceptable behaviors the society views as evidence of "abnormal" rather than simply, undesirable.
How are these questions best answered? It has been said that psychology "has a long history but a short past. Although examples of bizarre behavior are seen throughout history, and considerations of why people act as they do have appeared and reappeared in literature and philosophy, the scientific study of abnormal behavior really only began around Society begins with a discussion of the difficulty of defining abnormal behavior and of the importance of developing explanations supported by scientific evidence.
Then, the meaning of the term "abnormal" is discussed along with a description of contemporary procedures to classify the different ways psychological disturbance may be expressed.
Psychologist express an emphasis on the importance of obtaining scientific data, and a description of the various research methods used to study behavior, both abnormal and normal. Abnormal behavior is defined as behavior that is considered to be maladaptive or deviant by the social culture in which it occurs.
Though disagreement exists regarding which particular behaviors can be classified as abnormal, psychologists have defined several criteria for purposes of classification.
One is that the behavior occurs infrequently and thus deviates from statistical norms. Another is that the behavior deviates from social norms of acceptable behavior. A third is that the behavior is maladaptive, that it has adverse affects on the individual or on the individual's social group.
Lastly, abnormality may be defined based on the subjective feelings of misery, depression, or anxiety of an individual rather than any behavior he exhibits. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, DSM-IV,is a classification system of abnormal behaviors which aids psychologists and other mental health professionals in diagnosing and treating mental disorders.
DSM-IV includes the major categories of abnormal behavior which are anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorders and phobias; affective disorders, which are disturbances of mood such as depression; schizophrenic disorders, which are characterized by major disturbances in personality and distortion of reality; and various personality disorders.
While psychologists use similar criteria to diagnose abnormal behavior, their perspectives in understanding and treating related disorders vary greatly. For instance, a psychologist with a psychoanalytic approach would explain depression as a reaction to loss, worsened by anger turned inward.
A behavioral psychologist would assume a lack of positive reinforcement to be a significant cause in the disease.The Psychology of Abnormal Behavior: Understanding the Criteria & Causes of Abnormal Behavior. Read this essay on Abnormality. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays.
Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. ). I believe this a valid criteria of abnormality because a person who suffers from psychological dysfunction usually has no control over these actions. If an individual's.
Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited, a company registered in England . Abnormality Essay; Abnormality Essay.
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(McLeod, ). I will describe three criteria of abnormality I believe are the most salient and valid.
One of the most important criteria of abnormality I believe is psychological dysfunction, specifically when person has a breakdown in cognitive, emotional or. Abnormality (or dysfunctional behavior) is a behavioral characteristic assigned to those with conditions regarded as rare or dysfunctional.
Behavior is considered abnormal when it is atypical or out of the ordinary, consists of undesirable behavior, and results in impairment in the individual's functioning. .
Defining The Concepts Of Normality And Abnormality Psychology Essay. Print psychological conception of abnormality and its different criteria is used to propose the definitions of normality and abnormality with key areas that should be taken into consideration when defining what is normal and what is not.
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