An analysis of the antidumping and the world trade organization in the nineties

Some features of this site may not work without it. Highlighting the major weaknesses of the WTO anti-dumping agreement which cause international market distortion Abo Elnour, Ahmed Abstract: However, Article VI of GATT and the ADA do not condemn dumping as price discrimination but condemn the product dumping situations causing or threatening to cause material injury to the domestic industry.

An analysis of the antidumping and the world trade organization in the nineties

To accomplish this task, the research will first evaluate to what extent foreign and U. Second, it will evaluate to what extent current antidumping regulations are biased against food and fiber trade.

Finally, the study will analyze how changes in global antidumping regulations that could be implemented during upcoming world trade negotiations would impact the U. Project Methods Data will be collected regarding the antidumping laws of 14 countries, as well as a wide variety of information regarding the antidumping cases filed by these countries between and Researchers will review the antidumping laws of each of these countries to assess their level of compliance with World Trade Organization WTO antidumping regulations.

Researchers will estimate a system of equations to determine what factors influence the government's dumping margin determination. The first equation will measure the marginal impact of the use of various antidumping regulations, such as the period of data collection and the definition used by the government of normal value, on the final dumping margin determination.

This equation will be estimated using a variation of the Heckman two-step estimation procedure to control for the selection bias inherent in the dataset. The other equations in the system include Probit equations that measure to what extent industry and country characteristics, and in particular the unique characteristics of the agriculture industry, influence the probability that certain antidumping regulations are used in the calculation of the dumping margin.

The parameter estimates from the system of equations will then be combined to estimate the difference between the average level of protection awarded to agriculture industry and that awarded to other industries to assess the degree of bias against the food and fiber industry inherent in the dumping margin determination.

An analysis of the antidumping and the world trade organization in the nineties

A binary choice regression model will be estimated to determine the marginal effect of various economic and political factors on the probability that the government makes an affirmative injury decision regarding an antidumping petition.

The econometric technique used allows for the correction of the selection bias that is inherent in dataset, and uniquely allows the marginal effect of factors considered to differ according to country and industry characteristics.

One-way Analysis of Variances ANOVA techniques are utilized to determine whether there are significant differences across the agriculture and manufacturing sectors of the economy in the variables used in the regression model.

An analysis of the antidumping and the world trade organization in the nineties

Parameter estimates from the binary choice regression and ANOVA results will be utilized to determine the degree of bias against the food and fiber industry inherent in the injury determination. Finally, the parameter estimates associated with both the injury and dumping margin determination will be utilized to simulate the degree to which changes in antidumping regulations would have changed the level of antidumping protection between and The results of the simulation will be utilized in a partial equilibrium economic model to assess the change in trade patterns and total welfare that would have occurred under various regulatory scenarios.

This project resulted in the creation of two new sources of information for researchers, government officials, and policy analysts interested in antidumping regulations. The first is a set of 22 case studies of all antidumping investigations involving the U. The second is a compendium of antidumping regulations in twelve of the leading users of antidumping protection in the world.

Both databases are available at the website created for the dissemination of this information at http: This project also helped to refine a third database including information on the antidumping investigations initiated by 18 countries known as the Global Antidumping Database.

This dataset is available at the website http: This project provided funding to two graduate students from American University's Ph. Yan Su received a one-year fellowship and continued to work on a part-time basis for two subsequent years on the project.

Her primary responsibilities were to prepare rough drafts of approximately five case studies on the use of antidumping in the U.

Yan Su also collected data on methods countries use to calculate the level of antidumping duties and attended the NRI Project Director's meeting on my behalf. The second student, Zeynep Elif Aksoy, worked on an hourly basis on the project collecting data on the methods countries use to calculate the level of antidumping duties and preparing drafts on the antidumping regulations in three of the leading users of this form of protection.

This project serves three target audiences.The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) new measures of value-added accounting significantly and inaccurately underestimate China’s trade surplus with the United States, a new EPI report finds.

ANTIDUMPING ACTION IN THE UNITED STATES AND AROUND THE WORLD: AN UPDATE of the World Trade Organization. That data set is referred to as the GATT/WTO data set.

Numbers in the text and tables may not add up to totals because of rounding. years of antidumping policy and its use in the United States and around the world. (GATT) and its successor the World Trade Organization (WTO) has long allowed member nations to impose discriminatory duties on imports found to be “dumped” at “unfair prices” and which cause “material injury” to a domestic industry.

antidumping regulation to WTO Anti-dumping Agreement. In this thesis, I will firstly introduce the background of EC Anti-Dumping Regulations, and present its source of law, fact, procedure and prospective evolution. “PRC”) finally joined the World Trade Organization (“WTO”).1 As China is the second largest economy in the world 2 and the world’s fourth largest trading nation, 3 .

Get this from a library! World Trade Organization and international trade law: antidumping, subsidies and trade agreements. [Gary N Horlick].

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