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This opposition to pacifists grew from a post-war conservatism led by right-wing groups. The documents in this study address the question: After World War I many Americans supported a policy of military preparedness, which they hoped would protect the country from any future attack.
The National Defense Act ofwhich originally specified a peacetime army ofmen and a National Guard ofmen, reflected this sentiment. They believed that government policy and spending should be directed towards international arbitration and the promotion of world peace.
Their internationalist perspective became the grounds on which nationalist groups denounced the peace movement as an un-American conspiracy of communists, radicals, and socialists.
Secretary of War John W. He encouraged other military men to follow his example and many did, including the director of the Chemical Warfare Service, Brigadier General Amos H.
In response, WILPF began a policy of sending letters to their accusers, refuting each slanderous claim one by one. The Woman Patriot took up the "slacker oath" issue in its pages. Other conservative writers like Fred R. Whitney wrote articles for the magazine that falsely claimed connections between the peace movement and the communist movement, ranking individual members on a color code of radicalism.
The chart received a great deal of attention both from the many it accused and from those who read it. Her discovery of the government sponsorship of the chart exposed the significant power that lay behind the redbaiting campaign.
The true extent of government involvement was never revealed publicly at the time, but later testimony of Emily Greene Balch and records of WILPF affirm that members, including Balch, were frequently followed by investigators from the Military Intelligence Division of the War Department throughout the s.Red Scare Describes the causes and consequences of the Red Scare of Essay Red Scare The Red Scare of was the first of two major periods in American History when fear of radicalism culminated in the persecution and deportation of Americans thought to be radicals (communists, anarchists, or .
In , the Dies committee evolved into the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) that investigated "un-American propaganda." Hollywood quickly became one of HUAC's primary targets.
Committee leaders became suspicious of the industry's reputation for liberal thinking, loose morals, intemperance, and foreign-born actors, writers, and directors.
Many historians have examined the post-war Red Scare in , but few have explored the continued influence of the anti-red hysteria throughout the s. This second Red Scare was generally more specific in its victimization, targeting mainly the women's peace movement/5(1).
The red scare was the turning point in American history to ignite the fire of anti-communism and set the paradigm that a communist nation would attack. Many countries fell to communism over time and the United States would desperately soon react.
The first country to fall to communism was Eastern Europe and then later China. The Red Scare Essay - The First and Second Red Scare of the United States paved the way for a long standing fear of communism and proved to be one of America’s largest periods of mass hysteria.
The Red Scare in the ’s was actually America’s second red scare. The ’s red scare was what helped start suspicion over Communists, but was put off during World War 2. It was no coincidence that what many people called the second red scare ignited after World War .